Welcome to our phonics page! Here you will find some information that can help you throughout the year so you are ready for the Year 1 phonics screening test in June. If you feel like you need more help or have any questions, please come and talk to me at school or write on our class blog.
|Phoneme||The smallest identifiable sound in a word. For example: the word ship is broken into it's phonemes would be 'sh' 'i' 'p'.|
|Grapheme||A letter or group of letters that represent one sound.|
|VC,CVC, CVCC||These are abbreviations for a pattern of the word. CVC stands for consonant-vowel-consonant.|
|Digraph||Two letters that represent one sound. E.g. 'sh'.|
|Trigraph||Three letters that represent one sound. E.g. 'igh'.|
|Split-digraph||A split- digraph is when a letter brake the digraph up. For example the word 'make' has the split digraph 'a-e' in it.|
|Segmenting||To split up a word into it's individual phonemes so it is easier to read.|
|Blending||To blend the individual phonemes back together to read the complete word.|
|Cluster||when two or more letters make two or more sounds. E.g.'strike' has 'str'.|
Phase 3 sounds:
'j' - jelly, jam 'qu'-queen, quiz 'ee' - green, tree 'oa' - boat, toad 'oi' -coin, boil
'w' -walk,well 'ch' -chick, chip 'ai' - pain, train 'ar' - park ,cart 'ear' - fear
'x' - x-ray 'sh' -shout 'igh' - light 'or' - for, doctor 'air' - fair, pair
'y' -yellow ' th' - this 'oo' -boot 'ur' - turn, burn 'ure' - pure
'z'- zebra 'ng' - sing 'oo' - look, took 'ow' - cow
Phase four does not introduce any new sounds as it allows some time to recap phase 2 and 3 sounds. However it does look at CVCC, CCVC and CCVCC words.
Here are some examples:
CVCC - bank, sink, mask, pick, link, tank, tusk.
CCVC - step, from, clip, shop, trap.
CCVCC - frost, stamp, stand, thank.
Phase five sounds:
In phase five we go back to looking at certain sounds and continuing our work with high frequency words and tricky words that don't follow a spelling pattern.
Phase five focuses on sounds that can look different. for example: 'ay' also makes the same sound as 'ai' and the 'a-e' split digraph.
Here is a list of the sounds that are covered within this phase:
'zh' - measure, treasure 'oy' - boy, toy, annoy 'ph' - phone, elephant 'a-e' - snake, cake
'ay' - clay, day, play 'ir' - girl, twirl, swirl 'ew' - threw, drew, knew 'e-e' - here, Pete
'ou' - cloud, out, about 'ue' -clue, glue, blue 'oe' - toe, foe, goes 'i-e' - kite, bite, smile
'ie' - die, pie, tie 'aw' - claw, paw, draw 'au' - autograph, auto 'o-e' - bone, throne
'ea' - tea, lead, read 'wh' -why, where, when 'ey' - monkey, key 'u-e' - clue, true.
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