Welcome to our phonics page! Here you will find some information that can help you throughout the year so you are ready for the Year 1 phonics screening test in June. If you feel like you need more help or have any questions, please come and talk to me at school or message on class dojo.
|Phoneme||The smallest identifiable sound in a word. For example: the word ship is broken into it's phonemes would be 'sh' 'i' 'p'.|
|Grapheme||A letter or group of letters that represent one sound.|
|VC,CVC, CVCC||These are abbreviations for a pattern of the word. CVC stands for consonant-vowel-consonant.|
|Digraph||Two letters that represent one sound. E.g. 'sh'.|
|Trigraph||Three letters that represent one sound. E.g. 'igh'.|
|Split-digraph||A split- digraph is when a letter brake the digraph up. For example the word 'make' has the split digraph 'a-e' in it.|
|Segmenting||To split up a word into it's individual phonemes so it is easier to read.|
|Blending||To blend the individual phonemes back together to read the complete word.|
|Cluster||when two or more letters make two or more sounds. E.g.'strike' has 'str'.|
'j' -jelly, jam 'qu'-queen, quiz 'ee' -green, tree 'oa' -boat, toad 'oi' -coin, boil
'w' -walk, well 'ch' -chick, chip 'ai' -pain, train 'ar' -park, cart 'ear' -fear
'x' -x-ray 'sh' -shout 'igh' -light 'or' -for, doctor 'air' -fair, pair
'y' -yellow 'th' -this 'oo' -boot 'ur' -turn, burn 'ure' -pure
'z' -zebra 'ng' -sing 'oo' -look, took 'ow' -cow
Phase four does not introduce any new sounds as it allows some time to recap phase 2 and 3 sounds. However it does look at CVCC, CCVC and CCVCC words.
Here are some examples:
CVCC - bank, sink, mask, pick, link, tank, tusk.
CCVC - step, from, clip, shop, trap.
CCVCC - frost, stamp, stand, thank.
In phase five we go back to looking at certain sounds and continuing our work with high frequency words and tricky words that don't follow a spelling pattern.
Phase five focuses on sounds that can look different. for example: 'ay' also makes the same sound as 'ai' and the 'a-e' split digraph.
Here is a list of the sounds that are covered within this phase:
'zh' - measure, treasure 'oy' - boy, toy, annoy 'ph' - phone, elephant 'a-e' - snake, cake
'ay' - clay, day, play 'ir' - girl, twirl, swirl 'ew' - threw, drew, knew 'e-e' - here, Pete
'ou' - cloud, out, about 'ue' -clue, glue, blue 'oe' - toe, foe, goes 'i-e' - kite, bite, smile
'ie' - die, pie, tie 'aw' - claw, paw, draw 'au' - autograph, auto 'o-e' - bone, throne
'ea' - tea, lead, read 'wh' -why, where, when 'ey' - monkey, key 'u-e' - clue, true.
Unfortunately not the ones with chocolate chips.
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